Dyspraxia (also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder, or DCD) is a developmental disorder which affects physical coordination.
People with dyspraxia have poor fine and/or gross motor skills, compared to their general level of intelligence. This can be seen in tasks such as:-
Handwriting and drawing
Learning to dress
Riding a bicycle
Sports and games
These symptoms can vary in severity from person to person, ranging from mild to severe. People can also experience difficulties with speech, time management, planning and personal organisation.
The exact causes of dyspraxia are unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body. This affects a person’s ability to perform movements in a smooth, coordinated way.
Dyspraxia is a lifelong condition, although a person's difficulties can change over time depending on their environment and the tasks they have to complete in their everyday life.
Estimates of how many people have dyspraxia range from 5-18% of the population.
If you are concerned about your child's development and believe they may have dyspraxia, then you should speak to either your child's GP or the school's Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENDCO).
Further information and support can be found on the Dyspraxia Foundation website..